中国福彩网375|中国福彩网我的积分

VOA常速附字幕[翻譯]:俄羅斯經濟或于2019年遭遇危機

發表時間:2019-01-05內容來源:VOA英語學習網

From the bright and joyful displays on Red Square, it’s hard to tell that anyone is worried about possible economic troubles ahead. It’s clear in Moscow’s retail districts that some people are doing well. I don’t plan to economize. This is a planned holiday for which the budget has already been allocated without any real economy.

But in shopping for the biggest feasts of the year, not all are spending with abandon. Some, especially among Russia’s estimated 40 million pensioners, are worried about having enough money in the New Year. I see that the situation among the ordinary people is not getting better. I wish someone would think more about the pensioner. Those concerns are not unfounded in an economy that analysts describe as contradictory.

Despite the fact that we have economic growth, we have had four years’ slump in real incomes. Here is one more Russian paradox: High salaries, drawing salaries and decreasing real incomes. This is all because of quite big shadow sector but black economy, without an official taxation. Analysts predict an overall drop in spending this holiday season due to international sanctions and government policies that include higher taxes and rising interest rates. The direction of the economy in 2019 will be crucial for President Vladimir Putin, whose supporters mostly live away from the glitz of the capital. For Russians, this is a chance to eat, drink and prepare for whatever the New Year brings.

Pete Cobus in Moscow, Faith Lapidus VOA News.

從紅場上明亮又喜慶的陳列中,很難看出大家對可能即將盜來的經濟問題擔憂。顯然,莫斯科的一些零售區里,有些人過得很好。我不打算縮衣節食。這是已經計劃好了的節日,預算也已經安排上了,不需要考慮實體經濟的問題。

但是在參與今年最大規模的購物盛宴時,也有人會有所節制。一些人,尤其是俄羅斯大概4000萬名領退休金的老人,會擔心新年錢不夠用。我注意到普通人的生活境況并沒有改善。我希望有人能為領退休金的老人著想。這些擔心不是沒有根據的,畢竟很多分析師都認為俄羅斯經濟有矛盾之處。

雖然經濟有所增長,但實際收入已經是下滑4年了。除此之外,還有一個矛盾現象——工資上漲之后,就取出來花,而實際收入是下降了的。這些都是因為存在著相當大的灰色收入,也就是非法經濟,沒有官方征稅。有分析師預測認為,本節日季將會出現支出整體縮水的情況,原因是諸多國際制裁和政府政策都抬高了稅收和利率。2019年的經濟走向對于普京總統來說十分嚴峻,因為普京的支持者大多不在首都。對于俄羅斯人來說,這是一個暢快吃喝的時節,一個為新年做準備的時節。

感謝收聽皮特撰文、費思發回的報道。

來自:VOA英語網 文章地址: http://www.ablur.com.cn/19/01/Normal05095835eb.html

中国福彩网375