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VOA常速附字幕[翻譯]:中國無人機填補市場空缺 銷量日益上漲

發表時間:2019-01-08內容來源:VOA英語學習網

A recent broadcast on Chinese state television CCTV praising the global reach of the country’s armed drone or UAV program, its developers say they have just sold the one hundredth model of this drone named the Wing Loong. VOA cannot confirm the accuracy of the video.

One ability is to continuously monitor the battlefield situation, and the other is to strike time-sensitive targets in timely manner. Those features attract many clients in the context of modern warfare. China is increasingly meeting a growing demand in the Middle East for armed drones, according to the report from the Royal United Services Institute. Because the United States, in particular, has refused apart from the case of the UK and France to export armed models of its sort of iconic Predator and Reaper, series of armed drones, the China has sort of stepped in to fill that gap. And while its offerings such as the Wing Loong series or CH-4 are less technologically capable than their American counterparts, they’re available pretty much to any state that wants to buy.

In Iran, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates, the report authors say that drones are being used in situations where conventional airpower man-fast jets would be too risky.

In the case of Iran, the development of armed drones mostly copied from older daily patterns, has allowed them to operate air strike capabilities in Iran, and you saw in Iraq and in Syria. Despite the fact that it’s conventional air force, it’s far too obsolescence and too limited and too precious to be risked in skies controlled largely by hostile or potentially hostile powers, like the United States and Israel. Turkey, Israel and Saudi Arabia are fast developing their own armed UAV programs. U.S. President Donald Trump has pledged to relax export bans on American armed drone systems, but it’s not clear when that might happen. The report authors say such a policy change would likely have a big impact on use of the technology across the Middle East region.

Henry Ridgwell for VOA News London. 

近日,中國國家電視臺央視(CCTV)的播報贊揚了中國武裝無人機或無人機計劃的全球影響力。其研發方表示,前不久,他們剛剛將第100臺翼龍無人機出售。我臺無法確定這則視頻的準確性。

無人機一方面能持續監測戰場的情況,以及及時進行具有時效性的報道。無人機的特性吸引了現代戰爭背景下的很多客戶。中東對中國武裝無人機的需求量日益增長,這是皇家聯合服務研究所的報告指出的。因為尤其是以美國為首的國家,拒絕將“捕食者”和“死神”系列武裝無人機的武裝模型出口到英法等國家;而中國卻能填補這個空缺。雖然中國的翼龍系列或者CH-4系列在技術方面還不如美國的無人機,但對于想要購買無人機的國家來說已經綽綽有余。

該報告指出,無論是在伊朗、土耳其還是阿聯酋,無人機都用在了傳統快速噴氣式飛機有危險的地方。

就伊朗而言,其研發的武裝無人機大多是仿照以前的風格——可以確保伊朗發動空襲的能力,這一點大家能從伊拉克和敘利亞的境遇中看出。伊朗的無人機是傳統空軍類型,陳舊、很有局限性也很珍貴,所以不能在有敵意的國家或者可能有敵意國家的領空上鋌而走險,比如美國和以色列。土耳其、以色列、沙特正在快速研制屬于他們自己的武裝無人機項目。美國總統特朗普承諾放寬美國武裝無人機系統的出口禁令,但這一天不確定何時才會到來。該報告的作者認為,這樣的政策變動很有可能會對中東地區的技術應用造成重大影響。

感謝收聽亨利從倫敦發回的報道。

來自:VOA英語網 文章地址: http://www.ablur.com.cn/19/01/Normal08094238ov.html

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