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魯教版(五四制)初中英語九年級(全冊):Unit12 SectionB-2b

發表時間:2019-01-13內容來源:VOA英語學習網

Could You Please ...?

請問你可以……?

When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help politely.

當你去國外參觀的時候,懂得如何有禮貌地尋求幫助是很重要的。

For example, you may ask "Where are the restrooms?" or "Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?"

例如“洗手間在哪里?”或“請問,你能告訴我洗手間在哪里嗎?”。

These are similar requests for directions. Both are correct, but the first one sounds less polite. That is because it is a very direct question.

以上同樣是詢問方位的需求。兩種說法都正確,但是第一個聽起來沒那么禮貌。那是因為它的問法非常直接。

It is not enough to just ask a question correctly. We also need to learn how to be polite when we ask for help.

僅僅正確地問問題是不夠的。當我們尋求幫助的時候,還要學會如何變得禮貌些。

Good speaker change the way they speak in different situations.

會說話的人可以在不同場合使用不同的說話方式。

The expressions they use might depend on whom they are speaking to or how well they know each other.

他們采用哪種表達方式取決于他們說話的對象或與對方熟識的程度。

It is all right to ask direct questions to your classmates because you know them well.

比如和你的同學說話時,采用直接問法是沒問題的,因為你很了解他們。

However, if you say to your teacher, "When is the school trip ?", this might sound impolite.

然而,如果你和你的老師說:“學校旅行是什么時候?“這聽上去可能就不太禮貌。

But if you say, "Excuse me, Mr. West. Do you know when the school trip is?', this will sound much more polite.

但是如果你說”打擾一下,韋斯特老師。你知道學校旅行是什么時候嗎?“ 這就聽起來禮貌了很多。

Usually polite questions are longer. They include expressions such as "Could you please ...?" or "May I ask ...?"

通常,禮貌的問句比較長。它們包含像“請問你可以……?”或者“我可以問一下……?”這樣的用語。

It sounds more polite to say, "Peter, could you please tell me your e-mail address ?" than "Peter, tell me your e-mail address."

“彼得,請問你能告訴我你的電子郵件地址嗎?”這句話比“彼得,告訴我你的電子郵件地址。”聽起來更有禮貌。

Sometimes we even need to spend time leading in to a request.

有時候,我們甚至需要花些時間來引入一個需求。

For example, we might first say to a stranger, "Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me" or "I'm sorry to trouble you, but ..." before asking for help.

例如,在尋求幫助之前,我們可能先要和一個陌生人說“打擾一下,我想知道你能否幫助我”或者“很抱歉麻煩你,但是……”

It might seem more difficult to speak politely than directly. However, it is important to learn how to use the right language in different situations.

看起來說得客氣要比說得直白更難一點兒。然而,學會在不同的環境下如何使用正確的語言是重要的。

This will help you communicate better with other people.

這也能幫助你更好地與其他人溝通。

來自:VOA英語網 文章地址: http://www.ablur.com.cn/html/20190113/620597.html

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