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美國之音(以下稱VOA)的英語節目,按播音速度可分為兩種:Standard English (標準英語)和 Special English(特別英語)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英語”,是VOA 專為全世界非英語國家初學英語的聽眾安排的一種簡易、規范的英語廣播節目。該節目創始于50年代末期,是VOA 的專家們研究如何與世界各地的英語學習者進行交際的產物。它正式開播于1959年10月。當時只面向歐洲和中東,但由于這個節目適合許多國家英語學習者的需要,所以它的廣播對象不久就擴大到世界其他地區,并很快在全世界范圍內產生了廣泛的影響。現在這個節目對歐洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚廣播一次,對加勒比地區每晚廣播一次(星期天除外),對東南亞廣播次數最多,每天上午兩次,晚上三次。

30多年來,VOA 為了辦好Special English節目,進行了大量的調查研究工作,對播音速度、內容及用詞范圍都作了具體規定,基本上達到了既能為英語學習者提供信息,又不損害英語本身風格的目的,使之成為VOA 獨具特色,擁有最大量聽眾的節目。

美國著名詞匯學家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三條標準,也就是它所“特別”的地方:

1、它是一種由美國人最常用的1500個基本單詞為主體構成的美國英語;

2、它用簡短、明晰的句子寫作和廣播;

3、它以每分鐘90個單詞的速度,即2/3的Standard English(標準英語)速度進行廣播。

Special English的節目可分為兩大類:一類是新聞節目;一類是專題節目。

VOA慢速英語:2019年國際消費電子展15項熱門科技產品2019-01-13
Each year, the Las Vegas consumer electronics show, or CES, presents the latest developments in many areas of technology. As this year’s show draws to a close, we are looking at some of the most interesting new products from CES 2019.
VOA慢速英語:手機應用程序即將可預測青少年是否患抑郁癥2019-01-12
Researchers are testing smartphone apps that use artificial intelligence, or AI, to predict depression and possible self-harm.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕[翻譯]:研究:美國人只贊成出于健康目的進行基因編輯2019-01-10
Many Americans approve of the use of gene-editing technology. But they also worry over exactly how it will be used.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:研究:撒哈拉沙漠經兩萬年轉變而成2019-01-10
A new study suggests climate conditions in the Sahara Desert has changed from wet to dry about every 20,000 years.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:芝加哥博物館展出世界上最受歡迎的恐龍2019-01-10
Visitors to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago have been able to see Sue since 2000. However, for most of 2018, Sue was nowhere to be seen. Instead, experts spent 10 months working on and adding to the world-famous skeleton.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:舉世矚目!中國嫦娥四號飛抵月球背面2019-01-10
China’s space program has become the first to land a spacecraft on the so-called dark side of the moon. The landing on Thursday brought the country closer to its goal of becoming a space power.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕[翻譯]:NASA“新視野號”飛抵終極北極并將傳回高清圖像數據2019-01-10
The “snowman,” named Ultima Thule, orbits an area known as the Kuiper Belt. The area has hundreds of thousands of objects that could hold the keys to understanding the beginning of our solar system.
VOA慢速英語:愛沙尼亞政府欲實現100%無紙化工作2019-01-10
Estonia has launched a project to make government administration completely digital. The goal is to reduce the size of the government work force, open up the decision-making process and fuel economic growth.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:美國研究發現太空工作不會縮短宇航員壽命2019-01-02
Astronauts are generally well-educated, earn more money and in better physical condition than the average American.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:科學家研究意大利大恐龍化石2019-01-01
Researchers in Italy have found an unusual dinosaur. They said that the ancient land animal somehow ended up in the sea where it was a meal for many different sea creatures.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:研究人員:雞幸福嗎?2018-12-27
How do you measure a chicken’s happiness? Is it in the way it runs for food? Or by how much time it spends cleaning itself? To find the answers to these questions, researchers in Canada are putting 16 kinds of chickens through a series physical and mental
VOA慢速英語:科學2018:人類基因編輯、私人太空旅行2018-12-25
A Chinese researcher claimed to have edited the genes of at least two human embryos this year. The two developed into girls, who were born this year. Also, a company moved closer to offering pleasure trips into space.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:中國探索利用蟑螂處理廚余和食物2018-12-18
People usually see these insects as dirty pests. But in China, they are seen for their environmental – and economic - value.
VOA慢速英語:全球變暖危及南北二極地2018-12-17
Recently released studies on climate change paint one of the worst pictures yet of warming in the polar areas.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:有趣的人工智能應用:制作漫畫頭像2018-12-14
In a caricature, the artist creates a drawing of a face, with different parts of it greatly enlarged, or exaggerated, in other ways. The pictures or images are usually made to make the person look funny.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:人工智能有助醫生提高醫術?2018-12-12
Artificial intelligence (AI) technology may soon be a useful tool for doctors. It may help them better understand and treat diseases like breast cancer in ways that were never before possible.
VOA慢速英語:神秘生物威脅地中海蛤蜊生存2018-12-11
A new kind of microscopic parasite is causing the pen shell clam, which can grow to one meter in size, to die off. Scientists are rushing to find out what is causing the attack and how to keep the clams from disappearing.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:美國首個人臉識別終端在亞特蘭大機場啟動2018-12-07
The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport has become the first in the nation to let passengers to use facial recognition to get on an airplane. The system launched last week.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:美國宇宙飛船抵達本努小行星2018-12-06
An American spacecraft this week successfully reached its target, the asteroid Bennu. The spacecraft OSIRIS-REx is now operating around the asteroid, about 122 million kilometers from Earth.
VOA慢速英語:第24屆聯合國氣候變化大會討論海平面上升和水溫升高等問題2018-12-06
Each year, Lisbon honors St. Anthony with a huge three-day festival and parade. Tradition says that, one day, Saint Anthony went down to the river and gave a religious sermon to the fish. Hundreds of years later, the people of Lisbon still honor him with
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:專家們開會了解夏威夷附近座頭鯨數量減少的原因2018-12-01
Every winter, thousands of humpback whales migrate from Alaska to the warmer waters off the Hawaiian Islands. There, they mate and give birth before making their return trip north. But since 2014, there has been a reduction in humpback whale sightings.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:麻省理工新型電動飛機首次試飛成功2018-11-30
Engineers say they have carried out the first-ever flight of an electric airplane with no moving parts.
VOA慢速英語:巴西熱帶雨林即將消失?2018-11-30
About 60 percent of the Amazon rainforest is in Brazil. Scientists wonder it will be protected under Brazil’s next president, Jair Bolsonaro. He takes office on January 1.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:美國氣候報告稱天氣災害將愈演愈烈2018-11-28
The U.S. government report was released on November 23. It was written long before the deadly fires in California this month and before Hurricanes Florence and Michael struck the East Coast.
VOA慢速英語:基因編輯將助農場改善動物品質2018-11-27
This may seem impossible, but an American company is seeking to change farm animals by cutting or adding to their genes.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:美國航天局著陸器InSight抵達火星2018-11-26
The InSight lander will study the structure of the planet looking for quakes and meteorite strikes. It will take Mars’ temperature with a device that buries itself underground. And it may provide clues about the mystery of Mars’ wobble.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:專家植樹造林可解決碳污染問題2018-11-24
As the planet heats up, experts warn that simply cutting greenhouse gas emissions will not be enough to avoid possibly disastrous levels of global warming. A new study says the answer may be found… in the forest.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:新華社與搜狗研發智能主持人震驚外媒2018-11-23
China’s Xinhua news agency recently launched what it called the world’s first artificial intelligence news presenter. Will this be the start of a new wave of robotic news readers?
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:科學家推演尼安德特人滅絕過程2018-11-22
Neanderthals are extinct, but they were the closest relative of modern humans. Up until about 30,000 years ago, human beings shared the Earth with Neanderthals. The two species were so close that they sometimes mated.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:太空巖石仍是科學家未解之謎2018-11-22
Oumuamua is the first interstellar object scientists have found passing through our solar system. Interstellar means it came from another star system like our own. A new research paper from Harvard University proposes that Oumuamua may have been sent by a
VOA慢速英語:基因編輯食品即將成真,你敢吃嗎?2018-11-20
Researchers are using new technology to edit the existing genes in crops and animals. But gene-editing, as it is called, also raises question about supervision and whether people will actually want the products.
VOA慢速英語:研究證實輔助駕駛系統存缺陷2018-11-20
A new has study found that driver assistance systems failed to perform some actions designed to prevent an automobile crash.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:千克這個單位即將退出歷史舞臺?2018-11-16
For nearly 130 years, scientists have used a singular small, metal cylinder to define the exact weight of a kilogram. Now, officials at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures say it is time for a change to meet today’s technology-driven world.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:海平面上升威脅著名農場2018-11-13
Around the world, scientists warn that coastal farms are under threat from rising seas and salt water.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:聯合國報告稱地球臭氧層愈合中2018-11-13
After facing severe damage from the use of man-made chemicals, scientists say the Earth’s ozone layer is finally healing.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:三星推出新款可折疊手機2018-11-10
Samsung has provided a first look at its new foldable smartphone.
VOA慢速英語:種植咖啡樹為委內瑞拉國鳥提供棲息地2018-11-07
The red siskin is a small song bird many Venezuelans know and love. But the bird is disappearing. Now activists and scientists hope that getting farmers to grow coffee will help the bird’s numbers recover.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:巧克力的故事比我們想象的還要古老2018-11-06
Chocolate is a special food that people around the world have enjoyed for many years. But a new discovery suggests the substance used to make chocolate is even older than experts once believed.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:科學家列出四種捕獲碳的方法 限制氣溫上升2018-11-05
A recent report suggests four simple ways to take carbon out of the atmosphere. The goal is to limit carbon dioxide, a gas linked to rising temperatures.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:匹茲堡槍擊案嫌犯曾在社交媒體發表種族言論2018-11-02
The man accused of killing 11 people at a synagogue reportedly used a social media service to post violent messages.
VOA慢速英語:云南白水一號冰川融化加劇 未來將消失?2018-10-30
Scientists say Baishui in southern China it is one of the world’s fastest-melting glaciers.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:歐洲和日本的宇宙飛船開啟7年的水星之旅2018-10-29
European and Japanese space agencies have successfully launched a spacecraft as part of a joint effort to study Mercury, the closest planet to the sun.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:谷歌稱人工智能以99%的準確率發現乳腺癌2018-10-26
Google is already deeply involved in developing artificial intelligence (AI) to help doctors identify and treat disease. The company recently published two new studies showing a high level of success in identifying one of the deadliest forms of cancer.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:研究人員發現入侵物種的“善良”一面2018-10-24
A new study provides evidence that some invasive species are having a good effect on the environment.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:澳大利亞科學家研發新型“望遠鏡” 可以觀察地下深處2018-10-23
The Australian Academy of Sciences has released a 10-year plan aimed at developing a better understanding of Australia’s mineral wealth. It proposes creating a three-dimensional map of the continent. Scientists want the map to show rocks and minerals to a
VOA慢速英語:人形機器人Pepper現身英國議會 解釋AI對教育影響2018-10-19
A humanoid robot named Pepper appeared with British lawmakers this week to demonstrate how machines are being engineered to connect with people.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:研究發現日全食影響蜜蜂勞作2018-10-16
On August 21, 2017, millions of people across America stopped what they were doing to watch a total solar eclipse. Researchers now say they have discovered evidence that bees also took a break from what they were doing during the eclipse.
VOA慢速英語:研究表明大腦能記住成千上萬張臉2018-10-16
A new study has found that, on average, people can remember as many as 5,000 faces.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:古代沉船講述貿易路線的故事2018-10-15
The discovery is believed to be the largest concentration of wrecks ever found in the Mediterranean.
該音頻有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英語附字幕:谷歌推出新款Pixel智能手機、平板電腦和智能家庭中心2018-10-12
Google has launched the latest versions of its Pixel smartphone, as well as a new tablet computer and a smart home controller.
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